An advertising film for the secluded landscape of the habberge, showing huge wind turbines? Unthinkable. And yet the habberge nature park association had to think and reconcile the unthinkable at its annual meeting on wednesday in zeil.
"We need the energy transition, and it cannot be achieved without the use of wind energy on the best possible sites." This statement by the mayor of ebern, robert herrmann (CSU), is one pole of the opinion cosmos, the other comes from the association of german nature parks, which declares the integrity of the landscape to be the top priority and generally excludes nature parks as sites for wind power plants. Thus a large part of the county would be off-limits, and the most interesting flat areas on the mountain ridges could not be used.
A compromise is needed, and the nature park association in zeil found it in the form of its chairman rudolf handwerker, who currently has to deal with the energy turnaround and especially wind power planning in three functions: in the nature park, in the district as district administrator, and in the regional planning association, where the threads come together, as its chairman.
In his personal attitude to wind power, too, the district administrator is a compromise made flesh: only two years ago, he was a strict opponent of wind power, but today the CSU politician is of the opinion that the construction of power plants in structurally weak regions can be a blessing. "If it is done sensibly and with care", said craftsman on wednesday in zeil.
And that means for him: wind power plants must be built where they can be operated most economically. In order to have as little impact as possible on the landscape, the wind power map should not be a carpet of spots, but should form focal points: where there are already wind turbines, there will be fewer more than in the previously untouched landscape.
Preventing the sellout of the landscape
The third point that is close to the county council's heart: he wants to prevent a sell-out of the landscape, which threatens to happen when foreign investors rub shoulders with the most lucrative sites. "We attach great importance to wind turbine models with citizen participation", the district administrator outlined the objectives of GUT (gesellschaft zur umsetzung erneuerbarer technologien-projekte – company for the implementation of renewable technology projects), which is to pull the strings in the energy turnaround in the district of habberge.
In order to retain planning sovereignty, the district administrator (and with him the nature park association, which truncated this path yesterday) is driving on two tracks: on the one hand, a significantly slimmed-down wind power plan is being proposed to the regional planning association (only 600 instead of 2500 hectares of wind power area in the district). The landscape protection areas are still excluded in this proposal, but according to the will of the county council, they should not be taboo in principle: "if we in the planning association decide on the new wind map, then with the express reservation that it will be continuously updated", declared craftsmen on wednesday in zeil. Update means that areas in protected landscapes can also be considered for the construction of wind turbines "but this must be carefully examined on a case-by-case basis", according to the chairman.
The stroke of genius: in order to build a wind turbine in such areas, the applicant must obtain a reduction in the size of the landscape conservation area. But only the county council can decide on such a downsizing. "This will ensure that only those investors and projects that meet our goals will come to fruition.", said craftsman.